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Erasmus +

  /    /  Erasmus +

Challenges to Democracy and Social Life in Small European States

The project titled “Challenges to democracy and social life in small European states” (C2ESS) forms part of Erasmus+, the European Union’s programme to support education, training, youth and sports in Europe. More specifically, it forms part of the key actions of KA2 (Cooperation for Innovation and the Exchange of Good Practices) and KA204 (Strategic Partnerships for Adult Education).

The project involves exchanging experiences and research results related to current-day issues affecting small European countries (immigration and refugees, residence and access to nationality, integration into Europe, security and defence, international relations, conflict resolution, economic development, regional cooperation, social policies, challenges to democracy and citizen participation, among many others).

Project goals:

  • To exchange information and experiences among small European states
  • To compare the situation in each country with regard to the current challenges
  • To develop teaching materials for formal and informal adult education
  • To promote awareness of the specific conditions and needs of small states.

The results of the project will be made available to the public in the form of high-quality educational material for adult education, given the lack of this kind of material on the reality of small European states. The ultimate goal is to include the topic of small states in the provision of adult education courses in the countries involved.

Project partners:

  • The project leader is the Liechtenstein Institute
  • The following states are taking part: Andorra, Estonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Montenegro, San Marino and Cyprus, all countries with fewer than 1.5 million inhabitants.


From September 2018 to August 2021

The project, funded by the EU, is endowed with around 380,000 euros.


Project conclusions (in Catalan)